Your doctor may order tests to find out whether the cancer has spread:
- CT scans create pictures of organs and tissues in the pelvis or abdomen: An x-ray>machine linked to a computer takes several pictures. You may receive contrast material by mouth and by injection into your arm or hand. The contrast material helps the organs or tissues show up more clearly.
Chest x-ray can show tumors or fluid
- Barium enema x-ray of the lower intestine. The barium outlines the intestine on the x-rays. Areas blocked by cancer may show up on the x-rays.
- Colonoscopy, during which your doctor inserts a long, lighted tube into the rectum and colon to determine if the cancer has spread.
These are the stages of ovarian cancer:
- Stage I: Cancer cells are found in one or both ovaries on the surface of the ovaries or in fluid collected from the abdomen.
- Stage II: Cancer cells have spread from one or both ovaries to other tissues in the pelvis such as the fallopian tubes or uterus, and may be found in fluid collected from the abdomen.
- Stage III: Cancer cells have spread to tissues outside the pelvis or to the regional lymph nodes. Cancer cells may be found on the outside of the liver.
- Stage IV: Cancer cells have spread to tissues outside the abdomen and pelvis and may be found inside the liver, in the lungs, or in other organs.