Around 18 percent of women suffer from migraines, but only half have been diagnosed. "Knowing your headaches are migraines is the first step toward managing them," says Richard Lipton, M.D., a professor of neurology at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine in New York City, who helped develop this quick self-test to determine what's causing that crushing pain in your cranium:
1. Has a headache limited your activities for a day or more in the last three months?
2. Are you nauseated or sick to your stomach when you have a headache?
3. Does light bother you when you have a headache?
If you answer yes to at least two of these three questions, you probably have migraines. Lipton says you may be able to prevent attacks by avoiding dietary triggers, such as alcohol (especially red wine), chocolate and cheese. And a number of medications can relieve pain.