The Perfect Strength Training Workout for Beginners
This total-body dumbbell routine is the easiest way to ease into strength training as a newbie.
You've probably heard that you should do strength training. And maybe running a few miles or hopping on a spin bike just fits your personality more. That's fine! But the benefits of strength training are just too good to pass up-and crucial to living a long, healthy, and injury-free life.
"Basic strength training is key to develop a strong muscular foundation," says Joel Freeman, Beachbody Super Trainer and creator of the LIIFT4 program. "Bones gives our body structure, but muscles are what allow us to move and well."
It's not always the most fun or glamorous when you start weight training (hi, DOMS). But if you do it correctly, then you'll have the strength to really do the things you love, says Freeman. "And most importantly, increasing the amount of muscle in your body also aids in increasing your metabolism, which means you'll burn more calories throughout the day," he says. "That's a win-win." (See: What Really Happens When Women Lift Heavy Weights)
Ideally, a strength workout should include eight to 10 exercises targeting the major muscle groups. This total-body routine does exactly that and can be performed a few times a week to maintain and build strength all over. (Want a full month of strength programming? Try this four-week strength training plan for women.) Start small with your weights, and increase as needed: "Choose a weight that's just heavy enough to complete 10 reps, and by that eighth rep, you feel really happy it's almost over," says Freeman. "This will ensure you're challenging your muscles so they can grow and get stronger while also burning the max calories in every workout."
How it works: Do 2 sets of 10 to 15 reps of each exercise. Repeat it two or three times a week on alternate days. (If you think this is still too hard-no shame!-instead, try this super-basic strength training plan that uses workout balls, light dumbbells, and bodyweight moves to build a strength base.)
You'll need: Two sets of dumbbells (3 to 5 pounds and 8 to 12 pounds) or a set of resistance bands.
1. Dumbbell Chest Press
Muscles worked: Chest, shoulders, triceps
How to do it: Lie on a bench, elbows bent 90 degrees out to sides; straighten arms up and return. Keep the weights centered over the middle of the chest. (Do these on the floor instead of a bench to keep from hyperextending arms below the chest, which can place a lot of stress on your shoulders.)
Why you should: "Your chest is one of your largest upper-body muscles, and when it comes to chest training, the chest press reigns supreme," says Freeman. "It's a compound movement, meaning that it's also working your anterior deltoids [the front of your shoulders] and triceps throughout the movement." (See: How to Execute a Perfect Dumbbell Bench Press)
2. One-Arm Dumbbell Row
Muscles worked: Upper back
How to do it: Stand with legs hip-width apart and place one hand on the bench, opposite arm holding weight below shoulder; draw elbow up toward ribs and lower. Keep back flat and stand with a 45-degree bend at the hips.
Why you should: "The single-arm dumbbell row is a great compound upper-body movement targeting your upper back, lats, and traps while your biceps and shoulders assist throughout," says Freeman. "Standing during this exercise is also a great way to get some extra core work in as well. Just remember that there should be ZERO momentum or swinging-slow and steady wins the muscular race!"
3. Biceps Curl
Muscles worked: Biceps
How to do it: Stand with arms extended in front of thighs and one dumbbell in each hand with palms facing forward. Slowly curl weights toward shoulders, then lower to starting position.
Why you should: "This is the best isolation exercise for your biceps," says Freeman. The key here is to nix all momentum; don't swing to get the dumbbell up. "Think about trying to pin your elbows at your sides and lift the dumbbell up completely with your biceps," he says. "Stop at the top before your elbows move away from your sides-meaning if the weights touch your shoulders you've gone too far." (Here are more tips to master the biceps curl.)
4. Triceps Extension
Muscles worked: Triceps
How to do it: Stand with legs hip-width apart. Lean forward from the waist, elbows bent 90 degrees at your sides; straighten arms behind you.
Why you should: "The triceps extension is a great isolation move where you don't need a lot of weight to feel the burn," says Freeman. Similar to the biceps curl, the key here is to think of your elbow as a hinge pinned at your side. "The only thing that should be moving is your elbow to straighten your arm, squeezing your triceps at the top and return."
5. Lateral Raise
Muscles worked: Shoulders
How to do it: Stand with arms down by your sides, palms in. Raise straight arms (with pinky leading the way) to shoulder height.
Why you should: "Well-built lateral delts [the sides of your shoulders] are what give you that nice rounded shoulder look, and the lateral raise is the best exercise to isolate this muscle," says Freeman. "Just like any isolation move, it's all about control to execute this move properly."
6. Basic Squat
Muscles worked: Legs, butt
How to do it: Stand feet a bit wider than hip-distance apart, toes turned slightly out. Keeping weight in the mid-foot and heels (not the toes), sit back and down. Keep knees in line with toes and focus on keeping chest lifted. Lower until thighs are parallel to the floor, if possible.
Why you should: "Squats have become the more popular of all lower-body exercises, especially if you're looking to grow your glutes!" says Freeman. But keep in mind: "Safety is a must in this exercise to avoid injury, specifically to the lower-back area. If you're newer or returning to exercise, it's often best to start with bodyweight only and focus completely on flexibility and proper form. If you can't go that low without dropping your chest forward, then keep working on your flexibility." Once your form is on-point, you can start to add weight. (This video has more basic squat tips.)
7. Front Lunge
Muscles worked: Legs, butt
How to do it: Stand with feet together and a dumbbell in each hand by sides. Step forward with the right foot, lowering until both knees form 90-degree angles and back knee is hovering off the ground. Push off the front heel to step back and return to starting position. Repeat on the other side.
Why you should: "Also great for the legs and booty, lunges can also wreak havoc on your knees if done incorrectly," says Freeman. "This is a challenging move and can easily be felt using only bodyweight."
Muscles worked: Abs
How to do it: Lie faceup on the floor. Bend opposite elbow to knee, then switch sides.
Why you should: "Bicycle twists are great to engage multiple areas of your core, especially the obliques," says Freeman. "The main error that many people make with this core exercise is pulling on your neck. To avoid this, try placing your fingertips right behind your temples and keep your elbows open, instead of closing them in towards your head." If you do feel any neck strain, it means you're trying to lift higher than your core has the strength to and you're compensating in your neck. "Lower your range (meaning: don't try to lift as high off the ground) and slow down your twists instead," says Freeman. "You'll still feel it!"
Muscles worked: Lower back, butt
How to do it: Lie facedown on the floor and lift opposite arm/leg; switch sides. Keep your gaze down to the floor to maintain proper postural alignment.
Why you should: "This is a wonderful lower-back exercise, which is a must to help prevent lower-back injuries," says Freeman. When set up on your stomach, think about planting your toes into the floor and not letting them come off the ground at any time. This will also help you engage more glutes as well. When lifting your chest off the floor, you really don't have to lift very high. Just focus on squeezing your booty as you lift, and you'll also be engaging the lower-back muscles.